The jaw

The human jaw is an important part of the face. The upper jaw, known as the maxilla, is fixed in position and it holds the upper teeth. This is jointed with the lower jaw, or mandible, via the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).

The movements made by the jaw are essential for chewing, eating, swallowing, speaking and for many facial expressions.

Mr Cascarini specialises in surgery to treat common and rare disorders of the jaw and the temporomandibular joint:

  • Jaw fractures caused by trauma
  • Jaw dislocation caused by trauma
  • Developmental abnormalities of the jaw (micrognathia, pronathism)
  • Cancer of the mouth that spreads into the jawbone
  • Cancers elsewhere in the body that spread to the jaw
  • Problems with the jaw joint – temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ disorder)
  • Osteonecrosis – when the bone in the jaw degenerates. This can be due to treatment with some drugs such as bisphosphonates (used to treat osteoporosis)